Rifle: Mauser Model 1924

Yugoslavian Mauser M1924

Rifle Serbian Mauser Model 1924 Manufacturer FN and Art.Teh.Zavod
Cartridge 7.92x57mm Overall Length 43.1″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 23″
Magazine 5 rounds staggered Weight 8.4 lbs


What is popularly known as the Serbian Mauser Model 1924 is a seemingly common Mauser with a unique history.

Yugoslavia was a country born in the aftermath of WWI. On December 1st, 1918 the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs was merged with the Kingdom of Serbia to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (SHS) under King Peter I. In 1929 the state was officially renamed Yugoslavia. Early on the new nation faced threats from Hungary and Bulgaria, wanting to regain lost territory, and Italy, upset over broken Allied promises to gift them Dalmatia. SHS moved into alliance with Czechoslovakia and Romania and maintained a close relationship with France as a defensive measure.

Yugoslavian Mauser M1924 Sides

In 1941 Germany pressured Yugoslavia into the Tripartite Act. The population was furious and a military coup ousted then Prince Paul and the nation declared neutrality. German, Italian, and Hungarian forces were immediately mobilized and the country was seized in only eleven days of fighting. What followed was a brutal war of occupation and then a civil war over top. Royalist and Communist rebels within the country attacked Germans and each other. Eventually the royalists (Chetniks) began working with the Axis powers, especially Italy, and lost international support. Led by Josip Broz Tito, the Communist Partisans took the country with US/British arms and later Russian manpower and armor.

The Model 1924 Mauser Rifle was created to unify a military in disarray. Following WWI the new nation had a dizzying mix of small arms and ammunition. Previous stocks of former Turkish Mausers were sitting beside gifts of French, Austrian, Russian, and German rifles in at least six different calibers. There was even a failed deal to purchase Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk.III rifles from Britain.

After a few years with internal factions arguing over whether to adopt French or Czech arms something of a compromise was made. The SHS military decided to standardize on a single round for rifles and machine guns and were impressed by the German 7.92x57mm round. They turned to Belgium in 1925 and the Model 1924 Mauser. 100,000 rifles were purchased directly and the machinery to create more was brought into Kragujevac. By 1927 production had begun and by the beginning of WWII near one million had been produced! It’s also worth noting that the factory producing the rifle changed names after 1931 from Artillery Technical Institute (ATZ) to Military Technical Institute (VTZ).  Production continued until the invasion and to some degree even after.  Partisan forces managed to capture an arms plant in Uzice with full assembly equipment. The Germans were even using the plant as a cache of captured rifle components.  Partisans began by assembling whatever parts were at hand, including WWI vintage German Gew.98 rifles and eventually moved to small scale production.  Partisan Mausers show a pretty wide spread of different components and may well represent an entire area of study unto themselves.

Model 1924 Mausers are intermediate action Mausers with a large receiver ring and a short action. Otherwise they are mechanically identical to nearly any other Model 1898 Mauser derivative. All of them will bear the national crest on the top of the receiver. The left side of the receiver will bear either Краљевина СХС (Kingdome of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes) if the rifle was produced during or before 1929 or Краљевина Југославија (Kingdom of Yugoslavia) after. The left side wall will be marked by the manufacturer:

(FN Production in Belgium 1926-1928)

АРТ. ТЕX. ЗАВОД – Крагујевцу
(Artillery Technical Institute 1928-1931)

(Military Technical Institute 1932-1941)

The standard gun was produced in three variations: One rifle and two carbines. All three were the same length and weight and the differences are minor. Both carbines have two sling swivels on their lower barrel band (like a vz.24). Type 1 carbines have a turned down bolt handle for cavalry. Type 2 shares the rifle’s straight bolt and were intended for artillery or engineering units.  All appear to have been equipped with a copy of the Belgian M1924 long export bayonet.  The Yugoslavian produced copies use a unique grip screw, feature a slightly different taper to the blade, and will bear the mark BT3.  Many have been found post-war with the muzzle rings removed and some found shortened.  After the war a  short model 44 appeared as part of communist Yugoslavia’s exports.

Two additional models may be spotted. The first will have the standard 1924 marking on the receiver followed by ЦК “CK” and is commonly known as the Chetnik Carbine.  This is completely unrelated to the “Chetnik” rebels of WWII.  It was developed for special assault troops and featured an overall length of 37.6 inches. The other model is marked 1924Б or “B.” These rifles are converted Mexican Model 1912 Mausers rebarrelled and conformed to the Model 1924 pattern.  1924Б rifles were issued with converted WWI era German Gew.98 bayonets of multiple origins.

If you already own a Yugoslavian M1924 you may estimate its assembly date using a combination of the manufacturer, serial, and cypher. Rifles made in Belgium were assembled between 1926 and 1928. They are numbered 1 to 100,000 with Cyrillic letter prefixes. Confusion may arise as each prefix does not represent another restart of the serial like most other production runs we’re accustomed to. Just ignore the prefix if you want to know which of the 100,000 Belgian rifles is yours; the numbers just keep counting up.  Yugoslavian domestic production is charted below.  When Alexander the I was shot in 1934 Peter II rose to the throne and it appears the serial numbers started over on the rifles.  To make certain of your rifle date you’ll need to find the royal cypher on the butt stock.  A crown over A over I is for Alexander I.  The crown over II over II is for Peter II.  If you lack the cypher you may have a shot at finding the date by using the manufacturer’s marking listed several paragraphs above.

Date Serial Range Cypher
1928 1-1860 Alexander I
1929 1861-58660 Alexander I
1930 58661-115460 Alexander I
1931 115461-172260 Alexander I
1932 172261-229060 Alexander I
1933 229061-285860 Alexander I
1934 285861-342660 Alexander I
1935 01-56800 Peter II
1936 56801-113600 Peter II
1937 113601-170400 Peter II
1938 170401-227200 Peter II
1939 227201-284000 Peter II
1940 284001-340000 Peter II


In honest truth you can get a fair feel for a Model 1924 by just firing a vz.24 or Kar98k as they are similar in weight and chamber the same round. The sights are patterned after the same German fashion as the rest. These are, however, very well built rifles that bear beautiful markings and attractive wood stocks. They often go unnoticed or under priced due to their association with the cheap and plentiful Yugoslavian Mausers M24/47 and M48 but are fine Interwar and WWII collectibles.


43 Responses to “Rifle: Mauser Model 1924”

  1. Dejan says:


    Can you tell me where di you get the data about serial ranges and years.


    • Nagao says:

      Now it’s been a while and I’ve done a lot of reading since, but I believe from Bogdanovic. I absolutely recommend that every C&R collector have a copy of his book. It is exhaustive in detail and inexpensive to boot! What is addressed in the article is only the minimum for the Model 1924 and other Serbian/Yugoslav guns.


  2. agwagger says:

    I have one of these that has sadly been sporterized but I am lacking a bolt for it. It is serial number 260399. I was wondering if anyone knows where I may find a replacement bolt.

    • Nagao says:

      While finding a matching one would be a heavy task, I believe there should be a crown over T marking on these bolts. If it were me, I’d browse eBay and gunbroker for a while and note all the “Mauser bolts” that display this marking. Sadly, I don’t have access to my M1924 at the moment due to a move, so I’ll have to make 100% sure later.

      • jason says:

        I was fortunate to purchase an all matching Peter II M1924 last year….SN 2727XX. Paid more than I wanted to, but could justify that in it being all matching (no numbers crossed out)

  3. dragan says:

    good day
    I’m interested in what the value of guns because I have owned a perfectly preserved with serial number 115461-172260 what is its value?
    thanks for the reply

    • Nagao says:

      I’m sorry but we are not capable of providing value figures for collectible rifles as the market is constantly shifting.

  4. Jay says:

    The primary source for info for this model rifle is the book “SERBIAN & YUGOSLAV MAUSER RIFLES” by Branko Bogdanovic, North Cape Publishers, 2005. The book is informative, well illustrated and provides a thorough background of the times and events or role in history these weapons played. It is still readily available in paperback (only) for under $20.
    FYI; Concerning this recommendation, I do not receive any kind of remuneration or benefit from it in any way, shape or form nor am I in any way associated with the publisher or any seller of this book. I am however a friend of the author and helped proof-read the book.
    There is one error in the info above. It states the siderail was marked “CXC” on rifles made before 1929. Production began in Oct. 1928 producing 1860 but the CXC marking did continue into 1929 however briefly. The exact number is unknown. Mine is numbered 9092.
    Some additional comments…
    The Yugoslavs having established the model 1924 as their military’s standard arm, sought to number and alter their other rifles into a resemblance of that rifle with following pattern of nomenclature. W/out some careful study, it can be quite confusing.
    The Czech vz24 (with some few vz23) were purchased and nomclated as the M1924C later changed to M1924a. Then there is also a rifle model M1924b. This is another rifle altogether having a standard length bolt compared to the M1924 rifle’s shorter intermediate length actions. It was rendered from altering both gew98 and Mexican model 1912 rifles. Get the picture? :)
    Values for these rifles, as of this writing, average between $350- $500+. It just all depends upon model, markings, condition and finding the right buyer or seller.

    For additional information, I recommend going to Gunboards Military Mauser forum. There are some very knowledgeable people there willing to freely share the benefits of all they have learned.

    • Othais says:


      Thanks for the information about the 1929 spill over. I would also agree that anyone reading this article should definitely spend $20 on that most excellent resource.

  5. Jay says:

    I should have mentioned another thing. If someone goes looking for a bolt for these, they must take care to find the correct bolt. The M1924 (as well as most other Yugoslav 20th Century turnbolt rifles) has an “intermediate length” Mauser action. That is about 1/4″ shorter than the German model 98 “standard length” action/bolt. They are not interchangeable. Further more, some Turks have intermediate length bolts but, the front of the bolt is configured differently and will not work in the Yugoslav rifles either, at least, not w/out modification. Markings on the bolt are the crown over T that being the pre-WWII Yugoslav proof mark. The post WWII M48 series bolts though not technically “correct” will work fine as well. Be advised however, such bolts are precious few, far apart and bring high prices, generally in excess of $100.
    Finally, note that the Czech built vz rifles and that includes the Yugoslav post war refurbished M24/52Care standard length actions whose bolt won’t work in the other Yugoslav Mausers.

  6. Justin says:

    I’m looking for ammo for my lovey mouser and I’m having no luck geting her some ammo I know she takes 7×57 can you help me find some ammo for my lovey mouser thank you

  7. Gruja says:

    Detailed work.
    To prevent the repetition of spelling errors :
    1.”The crown over II is for Peter II”. Crown is over cyrillic character П (P) for ПETAR II (Peter II). Below (П) is II.
    2.”Standard 1924 marking on the receiver followed by ЦК (CK)”. It is ЧК (ChK) for ЧЕТНИК (Chetnik).

    Nothing less interesting is Serbian Mauser M1899, Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken of Berlin (НЕМАЧКЕ ФАБРИКЕ ОРУЖЈА И МУНИЦИЈЕ БЕРЛИН).


  8. Patrick Cassell says:

    I am in the market to purchase a receiver for the vintage WWI G98 (M98) 8mm rifle I am assembling. The receiver should not have scope mount screw holes in it and be on German origin, Large ring, from say 1900 to 1924. Only need the receiver not any other parts. Do you know of such an item for sale?
    Thank you.

  9. Ivanhoe says:

    I have what I believe is a Serbian 1924B Mauser. I also have a Turkish 1993. The Turkish Mauser shoots the 8X57mm ammo. However, the 1924B doesn’t. The bolt won’t seat and the bullet has to be pushed out with a cleaning rod. What does the 1924B shoot? I read that 7.92mm is the same as 8mm. The 1924B has to shoot something smaller than 8mm or else the 8mm wouldn’t get stuck in the receiver.

    • Ivanhoe says:

      Oops, I meant a Turkish 1893.

    • Othais says:

      By design it should be chambered in 8mm Mauser. Now someone could have rechambered/barreled it but I would hope it would show. Have you only tried this one ammo? What about a snap cap?

    • Jay says:

      As a rule, all Yugoslav military Mausers made between 1928 and 196? were 8mm Mauser, aka 7.92×57, aka 7.9×57. There were many cartridge bullet wt combinations and they all work. There is precious little milsurp ammo left but there is plenty of commercial ammo made. That made by Seller & Beloit and PPU (I have no ties to either and profit nothing by the recommendation) will most closely approximate European military Mauser ammo. If any commercially made ammo doesn’t work, look to a problem with your weapon. One and the only sure way to determine your chamber size is to make or have a gunsmith make a chamber cast. It is also simple to test the head spacing. You will need the gage for the older Mauser cartridge however. Those are available from “Forrester” I think the brand name is. (Again, a totally uncompensated plug.)
      The M1924b was a crossbreed or two very different weapons made into a clone of a third, the FN/Yugoslavian Mauser model1924. The Yugoslavs had acquired the gew98 and Mexican model 1912 in some numbers but, neither exactly suited their needs so they set up a conversion program run by FOMU. It was not completed when the Germans rolled in and took control in 1941. As a footnote, the incomplete conversion rifles were the basis for the ultra rare “Partizan Mauser” made by the Partisans during the war.

  10. Ivanhoe says:

    It looks like the original barrel according to the photo at the top of this site. The sight is the same and so is everything else I can tell. I’ve tried two different sources of 8X57 and neither fit right. They are both much too tight. What’s interesting is that both bolts work identically and interchangeablyt without bullets. I have tried a snap cap, still too tight in the Serbian and perfect in the Turkish.

  11. Ivanhoe says:

    I put a gauge pin in the end of the barrel, and it’s 7.89mm (311″). That seems a bit tight for an 8mm round that’s normally .323″ in diameter. However, a 7.92 diameter should choke down to that size out the barrel. My digging around has also revealed some other oddball sizes such as 7.8X57JR but that’s a rimmed .318″ diameter, a 7.9X57, the 7.92X57J (a German Military .318″ diameter), a JS version at .323 which is commonly referred to as the 8mm and a couple of others. I really can’t figure what I’ve got right now other than it’s probably made for a .318″ diameter and the .323 is just too big. My problem I believe is that I won’t be able to find the “J” bullet in .318″ diameter. Anyone know about this?

  12. Simon Girty says:

    I have a Kingdom of Yugoslavia Model 1924, matching serial numbers on receiver, stock but not bolt. King Peter II cypher on stock and serial number puts manufacture in 1939. Oddly, the stock is also stamped with the Wehrmacht symbol even though all other markings verify Serbian origin. Bolt has a 4 digit number preceded by “C”. Bolt travels a little too far back, hanging on magazine mechanism. Is this a K98 Gewar bolt and why is the Wehrmacht stamped on stock? (Firearm was obtained as a battlefield war prize c.1945 in Europe theater.)

    • Othais says:

      If you emailed over photos we could definitely take a look. Yugoslavian M24 rifles were used by the German occupation troops and may bear depot marks. As for the bolt, the Yugoslavian M24’s are Intermediate Length Mausers so if it works at all it must be a donor from one of the select few types of intermediates.

      When you say it travels too far back and hangs, are you saying that you cannot bolt forward when it is empty of ammo? This may be a sign of an interrupting follower which was done on purpose for many Mauser types (like the German Kar98K). It could be that a non-Yugoslavian follower was added to the gun.

  13. UNPROFOR1994 says:

    “There is one error in the info above. It states the siderail was marked “CXC” on rifles made before 1929. Production began in Oct. 1928 producing 1860 but the CXC marking did continue into 1929 however briefly. The exact number is unknown. Mine is numbered 9092.”

    My CXC Model is numbered 24478. Do you know what the highest recorder serial number is?

    • Othais says:

      I’m sorry, that was worded poorly. It was produced under CXC until the transition to Yugoslavia, which was 1929.

      Unfortunately I don’t have survey data for the 1924 anywhere in my library.

      • stanley allen says:

        I have a Serbian Mauser Model 1924. Serial number 101259 but no A over crown and I do not got a model 1924 stock. It have a H under where it was made which means Croatia I believe. Then have crown over T or I. Almost sure its a T. The top is wider than the bottom but who knows. And where is said BOJHOTEX.ЗАВОД on whos is in the example. mind is BOJ.TEX.ЗАВОД ….Does this make a difference???? Thanks for any reply to help me out.

    • Montigre says:

      My CXC is numbered 28426. I believe this is getting close to the end of the use of CXC.

  14. Jay says:

    Not a Serbian Mauser. Anything after 1918 was “Yugoslavian” since Serbia no longer (until the ’90s) existed as a separate entity.

    The crown over T (no “I”- just must have just been poorly struck) is the royal Yugoslavian Proof stamp. The “T” is for “torment.”
    After WWII the proof stamp was supposed to be a 5pt star over T and the crown/T no longer used but, it was. I have a 24/47 that shows where the prewar side markings were ground off but there’s a nice deep crown/T right under the post war 24/47 designation so there is no doubt it was struck at the same time. The ever thrifty Yugoslavs used whatever was at hand. However, in some cases a simple “T” alone was struck. In many cases, the bolt knobs where obviously simply left to retain there original proof stamp rather than deform the bolt arm ball by grinding off the old proof stamp.
    The period arrangement in “BOHOTEX” has no specific difference to my knowledge That “BOHOTEX3AVOD” stands for Military Technical Institute (or some translate it as Enterprise) , the arms works at Kragujevac.

    I do not know the highest serial number for CXC rifles.

  15. Claude DOPPAGNE says:

    I have a Moser made by FN looks like the 1924 or 1926-28 model the only marking is 1041 the rifle nb, who can tell me when this rifle has been produced and for which army?


  16. Amy says:

    First, let me thank you for a wonderful article! It is well written and informative.

    I have a question. Does the fact that the serial number on the bolt doesn’t match the one printed elsewhere make a difference in the rifle’s value? My uncle’s rifle (which I received after he passed away) has 253093 on everything but the bolt. The bolt has 250818 and a crown over T symbol (as well as an 8 to the far left of serial #).

    I want to sell this rifle since I’m not a collector like my uncle was, but I want to do my due diligence and ensure I get a fair price for it to honor my uncle’s efforts in collecting and protecting this historical piece. Any help you could give (beyond this excellent article!) would be very greatly appreciated.

    • Jay says:

      A mismatched rifle will not bring as much as a matching rifle. A mismatched bolt will drop the value by about 1/4 to 1/3 the value of an all matching rifle. Beyond that, the CXC stamp, Belgium’s FN stamping, and King Alexander’s cartouche are all more desireable than the more numerous King Peter’s cartouche rifles.

      Followiing that are the M1924 “type I” carbines especially the ones with the bent bolt arms as opposed to the type II carbine’s straight bolts.

  17. Amy says:

    I don’t know why this has a picture of my husband on it….weird.

  18. I just purchased one for 150.00 pretty good condition. Bolt didn’t match and had a Crown over T. It does have the Serbian mark a shield with a crown over it. I love everything about it. If anyone has info text me or email me 773 986 0612

  19. Zoran says:

    Hi guys, I would love to buy a 1924 Serbian mauser. If you got some info of where i can buy one my email is zoran_mitrekanic@hotmail.com thanks !!!

    • Jay says:

      Your best chances are on the auction sites like Gun Broker and Auction Arms. Also try the classified forums on such sites as GunBoards and Surplus rifles.com

  20. Arpad von Schalscha-Ehrenfeld says:

    Dear collectors,

    with the following mail to the war museum (which is ’till now unanswered) I’ll tried to figure out, what roots and correct designation my newly bought serbian VZ 24/M1924 b has. may be, one of you guys can give me any assistance, which is mostly appreciated. Original mail follows now:

    Dear ladies and gentleman,

    after buying some years ago the book “Srpski Mauser” by Mr. Branko Bogdanovic (and often using it to clear various patterns of rifles of the long history of Mauser-rifles on the Balkans) today I received a gun, which I can’t properly identify. May be you can pass this e-mail to Mr. Bogdanovic or some other person, which can probably assist me in correctly identifying the rifle, I received 2 hours ago.

    Description: in general appearance a usual Czech VZ 24, 8×57 IS, # 48971 on receiver-ring right, with bent-down and on the upper part matching renumbered bolt handle. Coat of arms with “(Cyrillic) Model 1924 b designation (like page 178, left, 2nd from low). Czech front-sight protector, unnumbered bajonett-rail with “Z” in circle. Both rings unmarked, securing screw of the lower ring missing. Rear-sight from 200-2000mtrs Magazine, magazine floorplate and triggerguard imperial german, also extractor, underside of bolt-handle and all other parts of the bolt, all non-matching. No remaining stamps traceable, no austro-mexican or imperial German. Small capital “G” on wood underside pistolgrip, just behind the trigger-guard. Stock rear left “11508”. Barrel in very good condition, Cyrillic “D” on front left side of the receiver ring, at the edge of the rear end of the hand-guard. The rifle is in used, but nice and collectible condition.

    Now my question: In case, this rifle is a former Mexican 1912 or a former imperial rifle 98, could it be possible, that later the rifle-stock was changed for what reason ever into a VZ-24-configuration? Or 2nd question, if question # 1 is negative: when the Czechs delivered VZ 24’s, could it be possible, that they sent used rifles, partly fitted from confiscated imperial German parts and could it possible, that this rifle was than called “Model 1924 b”??

    In case you want to see detailed pictures from the rifle, please advise me, what you need to see.

    That’s quite a lot questions, I know, but may be you can give me some assistance in proper identifying this rifle in my collection. I know, it’s one of a missing link of my Serbian/Yugoslav collection. I appreciate in advance for your most welcome answer.

    With best regards, yours sincerely

    Arpad von Schalscha-Ehrenfeld, Coburg, Germany.

  21. Fred says:

    Just a small correction
    “…The crown over II over II is for Peter II.”

    Actually, The crown is over the cyrillic character “П” (in english, “P”). Under the П is the “II” for Peter the second. Just like the A over 1 means “steak sauce”.

    Thanks for the unprecedented content! -you aren’t even close to “saturation”- keep crankin dem gats!

  22. Stephen Anthony says:

    Is the bore diameter of the Serbian Mauser .311 or .323 ? Is it chambered for standard German WW2 era 8mm mauser ammunition ?

  23. Stephen Anthony says:

    Apparently this site is defunct

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